Abdelgadir H. Osman

Abdelgadir H. Osman

University of Khartoum

H-index: 8

Africa-Sudan

About Abdelgadir H. Osman

Abdelgadir H. Osman, With an exceptional h-index of 8 and a recent h-index of 6 (since 2020), a distinguished researcher at University of Khartoum, specializes in the field of Psychiatry.

His recent articles reflect a diverse array of research interests and contributions to the field:

Prevalence of physical and mental health problems among internally displaced persons, White Nile State, Sudan 2023

Aripiprazole-induced quasi-neuroleptic malignant syndrome: two case reports

Duration of untreated illness in Obsessive compulsive disorder and its associated factors

Neuropsychiatric Manifestations of Wilson Disease in Sudan

Mortality characteristics in Sudan in national psychiatric hospitals: 5-year review of hospital mortality

Functional neurological disorder: Characteristics and outcome in a limited-resources country (Sudan)

Intelligence quotient (IQ) among children with epilepsy: National epidemiological study–Sudan

Sudan's mental health service: challenges and future horizons

Abdelgadir H. Osman Information

University

University of Khartoum

Position

Head Department of Psychiatry Faculty of Medicine Sudan

Citations(all)

120

Citations(since 2020)

99

Cited By

40

hIndex(all)

8

hIndex(since 2020)

6

i10Index(all)

3

i10Index(since 2020)

3

Email

University Profile Page

University of Khartoum

Abdelgadir H. Osman Skills & Research Interests

Psychiatry

Top articles of Abdelgadir H. Osman

Prevalence of physical and mental health problems among internally displaced persons, White Nile State, Sudan 2023

Authors

Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed Ali,Omran Aldoma Mohammed Adam,Sarah Altayeb Mustafa Salem,Sara Hamad Ibrahim Hamad,Nosiba Elnair Musa Ahmed,Hassan Mohamed Ahmed Ali,Aseel Abass Mohamed Abass,Hiba-Allah Abass Mohamed Abass,Abubaker Izz-Eldein Albasher Mohammed,Mawada Eltagi Elsayid Yousif,Fadwa Elfadil Ahmed Abdalla,Osman AlShazly Osman Abd-alaziz,Samar Bushra Mohammed Ahmed,Shaima Abdelbagi Ahmed Al-Obaid,Abdelgadir H Osman

Journal

medRxiv

Published Date

2024

INTRODUCTION Despite efforts globally, internally displaced persons (IDPs) face poor living conditions and limited healthcare access compared to refugees. They commonly suffer from malaria, malnutrition, diarrhoea, and respiratory infections, along with mental health issues like depression and PTSD. Severe malnutrition poses significant health risks in the short and long term, especially in developing countries. METHODS To assess IDPs' health, we conducted interviews. Out of 574 participants aged 10 and above, many reported physical and mental health problems using questionnaires. Additionally, 226 children under five were surveyed for malnutrition using a questionnaire and measurements of mid-upper arm circumference. RESULTS The findings revealed that 45% of IDPs experienced poor physical health, with prevalent ailments among adults including minor colds (67%), respiratory infections (43%), prolonged flu episodes (36%), insomnia (38%), headaches (42%), upset stomachs (44%), nausea (35%), and gastrointestinal issues (40%). Depression, PTSD, and anxiety were prevalent among adults at rates of 18%, 20%, and 14% respectively. Moreover, a staggering 72% of children under five suffered from malnutrition, with males accounting for 44% and females 56%. CONCLUSION In conclusion, the well-being of IDPs residing in camps is detrimentally impacted by the inadequate management, treatment, and prevention of both communicable and non-communicable diseases. Government authorities must recognise and address the complexities associated with multiple agencies involved in delivering healthcare services to IDPs …

Aripiprazole-induced quasi-neuroleptic malignant syndrome: two case reports

Authors

Abdelgadir Hussein M Osman,Joshua Wilkinson

Journal

Journal of Medical Case Reports

Published Date

2024/4/18

BackgroundSignificant elevation of creatine kinase levels (above three digits) and leucocytosis in the absence of muscle rigidity, tremors, or autonomic dysfunction can pose a real challenge in the context of antipsychotic treatment as an early herald of neuroleptic malignant syndrome.Case presentationWe present here two cases of adult male patients of Black British heritage, ages 51 years and 28 years, respectively. Both received a diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder and presented with massive increase of creatine kinase blood level after aripiprazole depot administration, one with pernicious increase associated with silent neuroleptic malignant syndrome, and the second with asymptomatic benign enzyme elevation.ConclusionThough aripiprazole use is less likely to cause neuroleptic malignant syndrome, on rare occasions it can produce massive symptomatic or asymptomatic increase in serum creatine …

Duration of untreated illness in Obsessive compulsive disorder and its associated factors

Authors

Abdelgadir H Osman,Anas Ibnauf

Published Date

2022/4/18

BackgroundMany well-cited reasons hinder early detection and treatment of mental disorders, leading to variable periods before effective treatment is administered. Conceptually, this is known as the duration of untreated illness (DUI). In most functional psychotic illnesses, DUI has been found to relate to prognoses and sensitivity to treatment. The DUI is yet fully to be investigated in relation to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

Neuropsychiatric Manifestations of Wilson Disease in Sudan

Authors

Jayantee Kalita,Vijay Kumar,Vasudev Parashar,Usha K Misra

Journal

Molecular Neurobiology

Published Date

2021/11

This study aims to identify neuropsychiatric manifestations in neurological Wilson disease (NWD), and their correlation with MRI changes and glutamate excitotoxicity. Forty-three consecutive patients with NWD from a tertiary care teaching hospital were evaluated prospectively who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The neuropsychiatric evaluation was done using Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) battery that assesses 12 domains including delusion, hallucination, agitation/aggression, dysphoria/depression, anxiety, euphoria, apathy, disinhibition, irritability, aberrant motor activity, appetite change, and abnormal nighttime behavior. Cranial MRI was done using a 3 T machine, and locations of signal changes were noted including the total number of MRI lesions. Serum glutamate level was measured by a fluorescence microplate reader. Abnormal NPI in various domains and total NPI scores were correlated with …

Mortality characteristics in Sudan in national psychiatric hospitals: 5-year review of hospital mortality

Authors

L. Osman,A.H.,Abdalhai,K.A.,Hassan,I. Mubark,M.,Elawad

Journal

Middle East Curr Psychiatry

Published Date

2020/9/30

Background Re-auditing mortality of inpatient psychiatric service for a span of time extending to 14 years is scarce in low-resource countries. We are reporting a 5-year mortality study to complete an audit cycle with a previous 9-year mortality research published a few years ago. It serves to improve the standard of care in low-resource settings. Results Out of a total of 7340 (4890 men and 2450 women) admissions to all national psychiatric hospitals in Khartoum over a 5-year period, 36 (23 men and 13 women) patients died while receiving inpatient psychiatric treatment. The mortality rate in this sample was 4.9 (4.7 for men and 5.3 for women). Among all deaths, 30.6% were diagnosed with schizophrenia, while mania constituted 25%, major depression 15% and organic psychosis 11.3%, and 11.1% were considered to be due to alcohol- and/or drug-related disorders. There was no single case of unnatural death …

Functional neurological disorder: Characteristics and outcome in a limited-resources country (Sudan)

Authors

Abdelgadir H.OsmanaSabah M.AlshariefbHassab ElrasoulSiddigc

Journal

Epilepsy & Behavior

Published Date

2020/7/19

BackgroundThere is a scarcity of reports from limited-resources countries on functional neurological disorder (FND). We therefore carried out this descriptive study from Sudan to highlight the clinical characteristics of patients and the cultural, diagnostic, and management outcome.MethodOf 1000 new referrals and patients seen at a central neuropsychiatric clinic in Khartoum, Sudan, 40 fulfilled the criteria for FND. Subjects were diagnosed by excluding organic illness and confirming psychological distress through neuropsychological assessment and clinical interview. Mood was measured using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scales.ResultsYoung unemployed women constituted 60% of our sample. Most subjects presented with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (82.5%), speech abnormalities (47.5%), and limb paralysis or weakness was (35%). Associated mood …

Intelligence quotient (IQ) among children with epilepsy: National epidemiological study–Sudan

Authors

Inaam N Mohamed,Abdelgadir H Osman,Somia Mohamed,Emtinan K Hamid,Ahlam A Hamed,Ali Alsir,Yasmin A Gerais,Aisha M Bakhiet,Sarah M Elsadig,Maha A Elseed

Journal

Epilepsy & Behavior

Published Date

2020/2/1

BackgroundMany studies of selected groups of children with epilepsy have demonstrated an association between epilepsy and cognitive deficits. The aim of this study was to assess the intellectual skills of children with epilepsy and to investigate the influence of gender, age at seizure onset, type of epilepsy, antiepileptic drug used, and control of epilepsy on their intellectual function.MethodsThis is a descriptive prospective study in which one hundred and eighty-seven patients at school age (6–14 years) were recruited. Epilepsy was classified using the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) Commission on Classification and Terminology 2005–2009 report. An intelligence quotient (IQ) test was conducted to all patients using Stanford–Binet Fifth Edition (SB5)/Arabic version.ResultsEighty-eight (47.1%) patients had an average score on Full Scale IQ (FSIQ), 44 (23.5%) had low average, whereas 18 (9.6 …

Sudan's mental health service: challenges and future horizons

Authors

Abdelgadir HM Osman,Aisha Bakhiet,Samia Elmusharaf,Abdelaziz Omer,Abdalla Abdelrahman

Journal

BJPsych International

Published Date

2020/2

Sudan is located to the south of Egypt, along the Red Sea. The country has a total area of 1 886 068 km2 (728 215 square miles) and a population of just over 37 million and is classified by the World Bank as a low-income country. The adult literacy rate is 59%. The total annual expenditure on healthcare is 4.3% of the gross domestic product, but the proportion spent on mental healthcare is unknown. As of 2009, there were just 0.09 psychiatrists and 0.2 psychiatric nurses per 100 000 population, and 0.2 mental health beds per 10 000 people, of which 90% were hospital-based; the other 10% were community-based units run by physician assistants and psychologists. 1, 2

Scaling up mental health services in Sudan: Sudanese psychiatrists’ opinions

Authors

Abdelgadir Hussein M Osman,Aisha Bakhiet,Samia Elmusharaf,Abdelaziz Omer,Abdalla Abdelrahman

Journal

BJPsych International

Published Date

2020/11

We invited 108 psychiatrists of Sudanese origin, working in and outside Sudan, to take part in a study looking at the most appropriate method for scaling up mental health services in Sudan. Of those psychiatrists who were approached, 81 (75%) responded. Among the respondents, 30 (37%) resided and worked in Sudan, and 51 (63%) worked outside Sudan (mostly in the UK and Arab Gulf States). Most respondents preferred the lay counsellor model (43, 53.2%) to address the current shortage of human resources for scaling up mental health services.

Child and adolescent psychiatry training and services in the Middle East region: a current status assessment

Authors

Carolyn E Clausen,Khalid Bazaid,Muhammad Waqar Azeem,Fathelaliem Abdelrahim,Ahmed A Abd Elgawad,Bibi Alamiri,Ahmed Malalla AlAnsari,Ali Alhamzawi,Ahmad Mohammed Al Mai,Aisha Motwakil Bakhiet,Mahmoud Bashtawi,Füsun Çuhadaroğlu,Mazen Hedar,Mohammad Holdar,Samah Jabr,Ather Sajjad Jafri,Amjad Jumaian,Suaad Moussa,Abdelgadir Hussein Osman,Katayoon Razjouyan,Eyad Yanes,Anthony Guerrero,Norbert Skokauskas,Consortium on Academic Child,Adolescent Psychiatry in the Middle East (CACAP ME)

Journal

European child & adolescent psychiatry

Published Date

2020/1

Mental health is a key component of health, yet appropriate care is limited. Evidence concerning child and adolescent mental health has predominantly come from western countries, while the Middle East region, with a large youth population, has reported very little on it. This original, cross-sectional study of child and adolescent psychiatry in the Middle East provides an assessment of current postgraduate programs, services and what is needed to build workforce capacity. Academic psychiatrists from 16 Middle East countries were invited to form a Consortium to map current postgraduate training as one of the determinants of available child and adolescent psychiatry services, identify gaps in the distribution of child and adolescent psychiatrists, and propose potential steps to improve access to child and adolescent mental health care. The study collected data from 15 of the 16 countries invited (no data …

Ictal Psychosis under Disguise of Mania: How to Unravel

Authors

Sabah M. Alsharief Abdelgadir H. Osman

Journal

Open Journal of Psychiatry

Published Date

2020/10/20

Background Ictal psychosis without remarkable cognitive impairment is uncommon occurrence, presents diagnostic challenges to clinicians, often misdiagnosed as functional psychosis. Case Presentation We present 3 cases of young adult men admitted to psychiatric ward as functional psychosis. They presented with irritability, physical aggression and mild cognitive impairment with intense emotional symptoms, and persecutory ideas and delusions. Two were wrongly diagnose as mania while the third was mimicking schizophrenia in its presentation. They received antipsychotic treatment and misdiagnosed as functional psychosis. They did not respond well to such treatment, until, series electroencephalograms were taken which revealed evidence of ictal psychosis. All, thence, responded well to addition of antiepileptic treatment. This, not only, proves to be effective, but also determined future management and prognosis. Conclusion These cases shine light onto the role of the frontal cortex in the genesis of quasi-manic episodes and highlight the importance of EEG investigations in first episode of acute psychosis.

See List of Professors in Abdelgadir H. Osman University(University of Khartoum)

Abdelgadir H. Osman FAQs

What is Abdelgadir H. Osman's h-index at University of Khartoum?

The h-index of Abdelgadir H. Osman has been 6 since 2020 and 8 in total.

What are Abdelgadir H. Osman's top articles?

The articles with the titles of

Prevalence of physical and mental health problems among internally displaced persons, White Nile State, Sudan 2023

Aripiprazole-induced quasi-neuroleptic malignant syndrome: two case reports

Duration of untreated illness in Obsessive compulsive disorder and its associated factors

Neuropsychiatric Manifestations of Wilson Disease in Sudan

Mortality characteristics in Sudan in national psychiatric hospitals: 5-year review of hospital mortality

Functional neurological disorder: Characteristics and outcome in a limited-resources country (Sudan)

Intelligence quotient (IQ) among children with epilepsy: National epidemiological study–Sudan

Sudan's mental health service: challenges and future horizons

...

are the top articles of Abdelgadir H. Osman at University of Khartoum.

What are Abdelgadir H. Osman's research interests?

The research interests of Abdelgadir H. Osman are: Psychiatry

What is Abdelgadir H. Osman's total number of citations?

Abdelgadir H. Osman has 120 citations in total.

What are the co-authors of Abdelgadir H. Osman?

The co-authors of Abdelgadir H. Osman are Saedah Ali, Michael Odenwald, Alemu, Sisay Mulugeta, Sarah M El-sadig, Suaad Sayed Ali Moussa, Ihab Abdalrahman.

    Co-Authors

    H-index: 35
    Saedah Ali

    Saedah Ali

    Universiti Sains Malaysia

    H-index: 28
    Michael Odenwald

    Michael Odenwald

    Universität Konstanz

    H-index: 9
    Alemu, Sisay Mulugeta

    Alemu, Sisay Mulugeta

    Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

    H-index: 9
    Sarah M El-sadig

    Sarah M El-sadig

    University of Khartoum

    H-index: 8
    Suaad Sayed Ali Moussa

    Suaad Sayed Ali Moussa

    Cairo University

    H-index: 8
    Ihab Abdalrahman

    Ihab Abdalrahman

    University of Khartoum

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