Aayush Srivastava

Aayush Srivastava

University of St Andrews

H-index: 4

Europe-United Kingdom

About Aayush Srivastava

Aayush Srivastava, With an exceptional h-index of 4 and a recent h-index of 4 (since 2020), a distinguished researcher at University of St Andrews, specializes in the field of Luminescence dating, Quaternary science, drylands, geomorphology, Geoarchaeology.

His recent articles reflect a diverse array of research interests and contributions to the field:

Holocene linear dune accumulation in the western Thar desert, India.

Dating and Characterising the Transformation of a Monastic Landscape. A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Agrarian Spaces of Samos Abbey (NW Spain)

Dating agricultural terraces in the Mediterranean using luminescence: recent progress and challenges

Assessing the potential of syn-rift sediments for geochronological dating and its implications for the development of Makanjira-Shire basin in south Malawi Rift

Dune accumulation chronologies from the Thar Desert, India: a review

Applicability of using portable luminescence reader for rapid age-assessments of dune accumulation in the Thar desert, India

Revisiting Kelly Forks (10CW34): Current and Future Research at a Western Stemmed Tradition Occupation in the Nez Perce-Clearwater National Forest, Idaho, USA

Exploring dryland dynamics with portable luminescence readers

Aayush Srivastava Information

University

University of St Andrews

Position

___

Citations(all)

60

Citations(since 2020)

57

Cited By

13

hIndex(all)

4

hIndex(since 2020)

4

i10Index(all)

4

i10Index(since 2020)

4

Email

University Profile Page

University of St Andrews

Aayush Srivastava Skills & Research Interests

Luminescence dating

Quaternary science

drylands

geomorphology

Geoarchaeology

Top articles of Aayush Srivastava

Holocene linear dune accumulation in the western Thar desert, India.

Authors

Shashank Nitundil,Abi Stone,Aayush Srivastava,Komal Songara

Published Date

2024/3/7

The densely populated Thar Desert in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent contains a complex spatial pattern of now vegetated dune morphologies. There is a growing dataset of luminescence ages that demonstrates a dominance of Holocene dune dynamics in the preserved record (eg, Srivastava et al, 2020; Parida et al., 2023; Nitundil et al., 2023). This region is undergoing rapid change in recent decades with widespread flattening of dunes for agricultural land, which is fed by the Indira Gandhi Canal that provides water for irrigation.Our work has developed a training set of> 40 samples with published luminescence ages to create a calibration approach for the signals measured using portable luminescence readers (POSL)(Nitundil et al., 2023). Other POSL signal characteristics, such as IRSL: BSL ratios are a good indicator that the Thar sands have a broadly common sedimentary provenance, as well as transport processes and post-depositional histories of mineral weathering. During this work, a rigorous exploration of sediment properties, including moisture content and presence of carbonate was undertaken, and from this, guiding principles for building a calibration curve were developed.

Dating and Characterising the Transformation of a Monastic Landscape. A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Agrarian Spaces of Samos Abbey (NW Spain)

Authors

José Carlos Sánchez-Pardo,Noemí Silva-Sánchez,Timothy Kinnaird,Sam Turner,Filippo Brandolini,Francesco Carrer,Aayush Srivastava,Estefanía López-Salas,Carlos Otero-Vilariño

Journal

Environmental Archaeology

Published Date

2024/3/5

This paper explores the potential of a multidisciplinary approach to understand landscape evolution over the last 1200 years around an important monastic centre, Samos Abbey, in northwest Iberia. Our objective is to test whether or not landscape transformations here – in particular terracing related to agriculture – can be linked to the agency of the monks. Our landscape study combined analysis of written sources with archaeological survey and test-pitting, including OSL profiling and dating of seven earthworks, with pollen and geochemical analysis of three of them. It has been possible to detect at least four main phases of landscape transformation in the immediate surroundings of Samos Abbey. The mid-seventeenth century saw the most recent and visible transformations, partly overprinting earlier landscapes changes from the Iron Age, eighth–ninth and thirteenth centuries AD. The data suggest that landscape …

Dating agricultural terraces in the Mediterranean using luminescence: recent progress and challenges

Authors

Aayush Srivastava,Tim Kinnaird,Christopher Sevara,Justin Allen Holcomb,Sam Turner

Published Date

2023/3/21

Agricultural terraces provide farmers in hilly landscapes with effective ways to increase the area available for crops. They mitigate the risks of soil erosion and promote crop productivity by slowing surface water runoff and retaining moisture. As in other parts of the world, terraces have been constructed and used in the Mediterranean for millennia. The availability of terraced agriculture had important socio-economic, ecological, and environmental implications for past societies. However, the chronology of construction, use, and abandonment of terraces in different regions remains uncertain. A more robust set of chronological data will allow better assessment of whether terrace agriculture was a resilient strategy in the face of past economic or ecological instability and, in turn, inform how terraces could be used to address future agricultural and environmental challenges. In this paper, we review the application of luminescence dating to terrace sediments, the key challenges involved, and the currently published data which include over 250 luminescence ages. We also discuss the use of a multidisciplinary approach involving other geoarchaeological tools (e.g., use of GIS analyses, field-based luminescence readers, and micromorphology) to enhance the ways that past terrace systems can be understood. Terrace systems are inextricably linked to sustainable land use across the Mediterranean. Luminescence dating methods, therefore, have a crucial role to play in understanding the complexities of past and future landscape change.

Assessing the potential of syn-rift sediments for geochronological dating and its implications for the development of Makanjira-Shire basin in south Malawi Rift

Authors

Zuze Dulanya,Aayush Srivastava,Tim C Kinnaird,Blackwell Manda,Dalitso Kafumbata,Edister Jamu,Alick Bwanali,Winford Masanjala

Journal

Quaternary Science Advances

Published Date

2023/10/1

The Upper Shire River basin, located within the zone of progressive interaction and linkage between the southern Malawi Rift and Shire Rift Zone, East Africa, presents an early-stage rift setting where rapid denudation processes take place and have profound influence on the geomorphological evolution of the region. The basin is key to the understanding of mechanisms involved in propagation and growthin young rifts. Although the tectonics in the region are well studied, lack of age constraints due to well-dated strata poses challenges in the understanding of the timing and mechanisms of rift evolution in this section of the south Malawi Rift.We used syn-rift sediments deposited from the rift shoulders to test the applicability of OSL and radiocarbon dating techniques in a poorly dated data-constrained region of the Malawi Rift.Our results suggest that proper sampling strategy is paramount in using the OSL technique …

Dune accumulation chronologies from the Thar Desert, India: a review

Authors

Aayush Srivastava

Published Date

2023/3/10

This chapter focuses on the published dune accumulation records from the Thar and reviews them in the context of the developments and improvements that have occurred in dune sampling methods and luminescence dating protocols over the years. The published luminescence chronologies mainly stem from scattered and sporadic records with variable spatial coverage and different ranges of sampling depths. Parabolic dunes, being the most widespread in arid and semi-arid landscape of the Thar, are the most widely studied dune type in terms of chronological investigations. Several types of sand dunes have been mapped in the Thar by extensive fieldwork in the past and more recently by digital interpretation of remotely sensed images. The development and applications of luminescence dating to sands have indubitably transformed the analysis of geomorphic and sedimentary environments in drylands by …

Applicability of using portable luminescence reader for rapid age-assessments of dune accumulation in the Thar desert, India

Authors

Shashank Nitundil,Abi Stone,Aayush Srivastava

Journal

Quaternary Geochronology

Published Date

2023/9/1

Reconstructing dunefield-scale palaeoenvironmental histories is important, particularly in the context of understanding the complexity of dune development under future climate and land use changes in the densely populated Thar Desert, India. Dunefield-scale investigations with sufficient sampling resolution to provide insights into the spatio-temporal variations in dune accumulation history are time and resource intensive using traditional chronological techniques. For this reason, this study utilises rapid-age estimates derived from portable optically stimulated luminescence reader signals (POSL). POSL signal characteristics suggest a similar provenance for all samples, demonstrating the feasibility of using calibrated POSL signal counts for rapid age estimates. Calibration of POSL BSL signals carried out using ages of 40 samples with previously established OSL chronologies from central and northern Thar and 4 …

Revisiting Kelly Forks (10CW34): Current and Future Research at a Western Stemmed Tradition Occupation in the Nez Perce-Clearwater National Forest, Idaho, USA

Authors

Justin A Holcomb,Aayush Srivastava,Timothy C Kinnaird,John C Blong

Journal

PaleoAmerica

Published Date

2023/1/2

The Kelly Forks Work Center Site (10CW34) is a deeply buried and stratified late Pleistocene to late Holocene aged archaeological site located on the North Fork Clearwater River in the Nez Perce-Clearwater National Forest, Idaho. Previous research suggested the site contained buried archaeological components associated with the Western Stemmed Tradition. Here, we report preliminary results of ongoing reinvestigation of the site to assess the stratigraphy, geochronology, archaeology, and traditional Nez Perce use of the Clearwater River drainage.

Exploring dryland dynamics with portable luminescence readers

Authors

Abi Stone,Shashank Nitundil,Mark D Bateman,David Sanderson,Alan Cresswell,Aayush Srivastava,Tim Kinnaird

Published Date

2023/6/25

Luminescence signals using portable luminescence readers (port-OSL) are insightful tools for exploring sample relative age and casting additional light on sediment characteristics, used back in the laboratory or in the field. Sand-rich dryland environments are a useful testing ground for using port-OSL, owing to the likelihood of complete signal bleaching before burial. We have been exploring the extent to which it is possible to produce generalized chronologies that approximate sediment burial age in different locations and geomorphic settings. Our approach compares port-OSL signals with ages established using standard luminescence dating protocols for quartz, as a form of port-OSL first-order ‘calibration’(eg Stone et al., 2015; 2019; Nitundil et al., 2022). The rationale for this work is to provide landscape-scale assessments of Quaternary environmental change in a cost-effective and time-effective manner.

Intensification of terrace agriculture on the Northern Apennines during the Medieval Climate Anomaly

Authors

Filippo Brandolini,Tim C Kinnaird,Aayush Srivastava,Sam Turner

Journal

EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts

Published Date

2023/5

Recent environmental studies and policies have recommended maintaining archaeological landscape features such as intercropping, agroforestry and cross-slope barriers (eg hedgerows, stone walls, earth banks) for their potential benefits to ecosystems. This study focuses on a portion of the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines coinciding with the municipality of Vetto d'Enza (commonly referred as Vetto), located on the right bank of the Enza River in the Man and the Biosphere UNESCO reserve (Emilia-Romagna region, Northern Italy). The main characteristics of this historic rural landscape trace their origin back to the Middle Ages at the period of the Great Countess Matilda of Canossa (10-11th century CE) and the area's land management system appears to have remained largely unaltered until the end of the 19th-century CE. Among the most distinctive characteristics of this historic landscape are relicts of agroforestry …

Modelling the impact of historic landscape change on soil erosion and degradation

Authors

Filippo Brandolini,Tim C Kinnaird,Aayush Srivastava,Sam Turner

Journal

Scientific reports

Published Date

2023/3/27

International policies and guidelines often highlight the divide between ‘nature’ and ‘heritage’ in landscape management, and the weakness of monodisciplinary approaches. This study argues that historic agricultural practices have played a key role in shaping today’s landscapes, creating a heritage which affords opportunities for more sustainable landscape management. The paper develops a new interdisciplinary approach with particular reference to soil loss and degradation over the long term. It presents innovative methods for assessing and modelling how pre-industrial agricultural features can mitigate soil erosion risk in response to current environmental conditions. Landscape archaeology data presented through Historic Landscape Characterisation are integrated in a GIS-RUSLE model to illustrate the impact of varying historic land-uses on soil erosion. The resulting analyses could be used to inform …

Investigating records of dune activity in the Thar Desert, India by using portable luminescence techniques

Authors

Shashank Nitundil,Abi Stone,Aayush Srivastava,Tim Kinnaird,Komal Songara

Published Date

2022/9/7

The densely populated Thar Desert, India has a complex dune developmental history with high spatio-temporal variability, necessitating dunefield-scale investigation with sufficient sampling resolution to provide insights into dune accumulation history. However, establishing dune accumulation histories using traditional chronological techniques is costly, laborious and resource intensive. This study utilises rapid-age estimates, derived from calibrated port-OSL measurements, to overcome this limitation.

Constructing sediment chronologies for Doggerland

Authors

Tim Kinnaird,Martin Bates,Rebecca Bateman,Aayush Srivastava

Journal

Europe’s Lost Frontiers

Published Date

2022/8/1

Luminescence dating is an important tool for constraining sediment ages and depositional processes in many Quaternary environments. This chapter provides examples of how optically stimulated luminescence, or OSL, has been applied to late Pleistocene to Holocene deposits recovered from core in the southern North Sea, to establish a chronology and define sedimentation histories. These sediment chronologies contribute to the palaeo-environmental reconstructions of Doggerland discussed elsewhere in this volume. Doggerland exhibits a complex palaeogeography, with sediments deposited in diverse terrestrial, littoral and marine settings (see Bates et al. this volume), which presents some challenges to dating these sediments. The chapter begins with a brief consideration of the principles of luminescence dating, followed by a discussion of its application in the context of the North Sea. Then, the ‘challenges’ associated with OSL are discussed with reference to Doggerland, prior to outlining some potential solutions. Finally, the methods and protocols used in dating Doggerland sediments are discussed, illustrated with the example of establishing a sediment chronology for core ELF001A.The luminescence dating technique exploits the energy retained in certain minerals, typically quartz and feldspar, which accumulate as a consequence of naturally occurring ionising radiation in both the sample and its environment. These signals are depleted, or reset, when the minerals are exposed to either heat or daylight.‘Zeroing’can be achieved during daylight exposure in phases of erosion or transport. After burial, or deposition, luminescence will …

Agricultural terraces in the Mediterranean: a multidisciplinary approach to understanding human-landscape interactions

Authors

Aayush Srivastava,Tim Kinnaird,Sam Turner,Chris Sevara,Justin Holcomb,Stelios Lekakis,Lisa-Marie Shillito

Journal

EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts

Published Date

2022/5

Agricultural terraces, which demonstrate an ingenious and sustainable way of transforming hilly slopes into arable land, are widespread in Mediterranean landscapes, stretching from southern Portugal to the Judean Highlands. Despite their ecological and heritage values, there remain significant temporal and spatial gaps in understanding their histories, how they were constructed and what their socio-economic implications were for early populations. This lack of knowledge further restricts understanding the effects of terracing on landscape in terms of mitigating the impacts of past climate change and informing sustainable strategies for the future of land-management. To this end, we employed a multidisciplinary approach to a case study in Naxos, Greece. A GIS-based technique which uses a range of cartographic remote sensing data was employed to identify over 20 terrace sites, and trenches were hand-dug …

How Waun Mawn stone circle was designed and built, and when the Bluestones arrived at Stonehenge: a response to Darvill

Authors

Mike Parker Pearson,Josh Pollard,Colin Richards,Kate Welham,Timothy Kinnaird,Aayush Srivastava,Chris Casswell,Dave Shaw,Ellen Simmons,Adam Stanford,Richard Bevins,Rob Ixer,Clive Ruggles,Jim Rylatt,Kevan Edinborough

Journal

Antiquity

Published Date

2022/12

In response to Timothy Darvill's article, ‘Mythical rings?’ (this issue), which argues for an alternative interpretation of Waun Mawn circle and its relationship with Stonehenge, Parker Pearson and colleagues report new evidence from the Welsh site and elaborate on aspects of their original argument. The discovery of a hearth at the centre of the circle, as well as further features around its circumference, reinforces the authors’ original interpretation. The authors explore the evidence for the construction sequence, which was abandoned before the completion of the monument. Contesting Darvill's argument that the Aubrey Holes at Stonehenge originally held posts, the authors reassert their interpretation of this circle of cut features as Bluestone settings.

Investigation of coastal environmental change at Ruddons Point, Fife, SE Scotland

Authors

Sarah Louise Boyd,Tim C Kinnaird,Aayush Srivastava,John E Whittaker,C Richard Bates

Journal

Scottish Journal of Geology

Published Date

2022/11/7

Ruddons Point, on the Firth of Forth coastline, Scotland, is a laterally extensive terrace of glacial and marine sediment deposits raised above current sea-level, situated near to Kincraig Point, a key site that records a series of stepped erosional platforms carved into the local bedrock, interpreted as post Last Glacial Maximum palaeoshorelines. The deposits at Ruddons Point continue inland, with exposures of the raised sands and gravels cut by the local river, the Cocklemill Burn. The site provides an opportunity to examine the depositional history through the Late Devensian and Holocene. Geophysical survey aided in interpreting characteristics of subsurface sediments such as the transition between the younger saltmarsh sediments and older underlying sands and clays below, which slope in a northerly direction. A chronology obtained through optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating spans from c. 29 ka …

Investigating glacial and postglacial sediment deposition and relative sea level changes at Ruddons Point, Fife, Scotland

Authors

Sarah Boyd,Richard Bates,Tim Kinnaird,Tim Raub,Aayush Srivastava

Journal

EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts

Published Date

2021/4

Ruddons Point, situated on the Firth of Forth coastline, Scotland, is a laterally extensive terrace of glacial and marine sediment deposits which are raised above current sea level. The deposits are situated near to Kincraig Point, a key site that records a series of stepped erosional platforms carved into the local tuff and agglomerate bedrock, representing a series of post Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) paleoshorelines. The raised marine deposits of Ruddons Point are composed of sand, shell, gravel and cobble horizons, which have been deposited unconformably on glacial tills and clays. 1km inland, incised by a small stream (the Cocklemill Burn), numerous cut banks reveal further raised deposits. Previous attempts to date these sediments have produced conflicting depositional histories, with no clear correlation to the Kincraig Point paleoshorelines or those dated further west along the Forth Valley. To this end, a …

Holocene palaeoenvironmental changes in the Thar Desert: An integrated assessment incorporating new insights from aeolian systems

Authors

Aayush Srivastava,David SG Thomas,Julie A Durcan,Richard M Bailey

Published Date

2020/4/1

Due to the scarcity of geochemical and palaeoecological proxies in drylands, dunes have often been used as geoproxies for late Quaternary palaeoenvironmental reconstruction, with chronologies commonly provided by luminescence dating. Owing to their widespread occurrence and location in a monsoonal regime, dunes in the Thar Desert in South Asia act as important archives of past landscape change. Previous reviews have assimilated dune age data from the Thar and suggested a temporally and spatially complex record of sediment accumulation over the last ∼70 ka. New luminescence age data presented in this study and from recent dunefield based investigations demonstrate a stronger Holocene record of dune building in parts of the Thar than previously suggested.In this study, the Accumulation Intensity (AI) methodology is applied to new and old data sets, providing records of dune accumulation that …

Quartz SAR optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating of sands from Ulbjerg Klint, Central Jutland, Denmark

Authors

Søren M Kristiansen,Lars A Larsen,Aayush Srivastava,Tim C Kinnaird

Published Date

2020

Quartz SAR optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating of sands from Ulbjerg Klint, Central Jutland, Denmark — Aarhus University Skip to main navigation Skip to search Skip to main content Aarhus University Home Aarhus University Logo Help & FAQ English Dansk Home Profiles Research units Projects Research output Prizes Activities Courses Press/Media Search by expertise, name or affiliation Quartz SAR optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating of sands from Ulbjerg Klint, Central Jutland, Denmark Søren M. Kristiansen, Lars A Larsen, Aayush Srivastava , Tim C. Kinnaird Department of Geoscience Research output: Book/anthology/dissertation/report › Report › Research › peer-review Overview Original language Danish Place of publication Aarhus Publisher Aarhus Universitet Number of pages 27 ISBN (Print) 978-87-7507-488-4 DOIs https://doi.org/10.7146/aul.388 Publication status Published - …

ECR Webinar on Emerging Areas of Research in Quaternary Science: A Report

Authors

Akash Srinivas,Aayush Srivastava

Journal

Geological Society of India

Published Date

2020/12/31

The Association of Quaternary Researchers (AOQR) is a recently established association committed towards an overall ascent of Quaternary research in India. The association aims to bring together the different researchers, students, and enthusiasts of the Quaternary of the region. One of the key objectives of the association is to bring Indian Quaternary researchers at par with global research developments in terms of the latest techniques, methods and practices and enable to fill the gaps in the available dataset. In line with this objective, the association seeks to organize regular meetings, national and international conferences, field workshops, laboratory training sessions, brainstorming sessions, and open panel discussions. In times of increased virtual meetings and seminars, and decreased in-person events, the association sought the need to adapt and organise a virtual webinar series to provide Early Career Researchers (ECRs) a platform to share their work to a global network of interested individuals and students. This ECR Webinar series, titled ‘Emerging Areas of Research in Quaternary Science’, was formulated and organised by the ECR team of the AOQR comprising research scholars from various disciplines and institutions from different parts of India. This webinar series, hosted by the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences, Lucknow and Christ College (Autonomous), Irinjalakuda, went live on Monday afternoons between 7th September, 2020 and 29th October, 2020. It featured eight ECR speakers from India, and covered a broad range of topics and themes related to the South Asian Quaternary record and climate variability …

See List of Professors in Aayush Srivastava University(University of St Andrews)

Aayush Srivastava FAQs

What is Aayush Srivastava's h-index at University of St Andrews?

The h-index of Aayush Srivastava has been 4 since 2020 and 4 in total.

What are Aayush Srivastava's top articles?

The articles with the titles of

Holocene linear dune accumulation in the western Thar desert, India.

Dating and Characterising the Transformation of a Monastic Landscape. A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Agrarian Spaces of Samos Abbey (NW Spain)

Dating agricultural terraces in the Mediterranean using luminescence: recent progress and challenges

Assessing the potential of syn-rift sediments for geochronological dating and its implications for the development of Makanjira-Shire basin in south Malawi Rift

Dune accumulation chronologies from the Thar Desert, India: a review

Applicability of using portable luminescence reader for rapid age-assessments of dune accumulation in the Thar desert, India

Revisiting Kelly Forks (10CW34): Current and Future Research at a Western Stemmed Tradition Occupation in the Nez Perce-Clearwater National Forest, Idaho, USA

Exploring dryland dynamics with portable luminescence readers

...

are the top articles of Aayush Srivastava at University of St Andrews.

What are Aayush Srivastava's research interests?

The research interests of Aayush Srivastava are: Luminescence dating, Quaternary science, drylands, geomorphology, Geoarchaeology

What is Aayush Srivastava's total number of citations?

Aayush Srivastava has 60 citations in total.

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