Free and Reduced-Fare Transportation for Youth

Published On 2021/12/14

This short report summarizes the literature related to free and reduced-fare transportation for youth, including motivations for such programs, Canadian initiatives, and assessments.

Published On

2021/12/14

Authors

Kathleen Reed

Kathleen Reed

Vancouver Island University

Position

Assessment & Data Librarian ; PhD Student Simon Fraser University

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Research Interests

transgender and non-binary youth

surveillance

privacy

digital humanities

research methods

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Other Articles from authors

Kathleen Reed

Kathleen Reed

Vancouver Island University

Sociological Perspectives

Moral Panic and Electric Micromobilities: Seeking Space for Mobility Justice

This article makes the case that electric micromobilities (EMMs) are the site of a moral panic and employs the lens of mobility justice to explain it. Through analysis of scholarly and media discourse, interviews with, and social media content produced by, EMM riders (eriders), and the auto ethnographic experiences of the lead author as an electric unicycle rider in daily life, as a participant in online and offline “erider” communities, and as a food delivery worker, we reinforce the conclusion that alternate mobilities face an uphill battle in gaining legitimacy and inclusion in transportation policy and infrastructure. While this is not a new finding—alternate mobilities have a long history of being demonized and excluded—this article offers insight into how individuals who find themselves unwitting scapegoats in conflicts over public space consciously engage in deliberate actions to resist EMM panic and achieve greater …

Kathleen Reed

Kathleen Reed

Vancouver Island University

Marine Biology

Localised mass mortality of giant California sea cucumbers in Western Canada

Mass-mortality events are seldom reported in sea cucumbers (Echinodermata: Holothuria), but here we document a localized mass die-off of giant California sea cucumbers (Apostichopus californicus) in Western Canada from August to October 2021. We recruited volunteer divers to count wasting and healthy sea cucumbers, resulting in observations spanning 500 km of coastline. Reports of dead and wasting sea cucumbers were restricted to Nanoose Bay, BC (Snaw-naw-as First Nation territory, 49°17'N, 124°08'W), with the exception of a single report from Hornby Island, some 55 km away. In Nanoose Bay in 2021, up to 94% of observed sea cucumbers were affected, with healthy sea cucumbers generally observed below 16 m. Following reports of wasting sea cucumbers, population abundance declined sharply. We returned in September 2022 to survey a subset of sites and observed similarly spatially isolated …

Kathleen Reed

Kathleen Reed

Vancouver Island University

Elder abuse in the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender plus communities (Evidence Summary)

This evidence brief summarizes the literature on the abuse of older adults who identify as 2SLGBT+(Two-Spirit, lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, queer plus) published in the past decade (2013-2023), and discusses policy implications.

Kathleen Reed

Kathleen Reed

Vancouver Island University

Evidence Brief: Elder Abuse in the 2SLGBTQ+ Community

This knowledge synthesis reports on the literature on the abuse of older adults who identify as 2SLGBT+ (Two-Spirit, lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, queer plus) published in the past decade (2013-2023). Although there is not a great deal of literature prior to 2013, what we do have indicates that 2SLGBT+ older adults face particular vulnerabilities that can make them experience elder abuse in ways that are specific to their communities and that can present additional barriers to their health and well-being. Objectives (1) synthesize existing knowledge related to 2SLGBTQ+ elder abuse and determine knowledge gaps (2) identify and evaluate the nature of the academic literature, including methodologies and data sources; (3) create an evidence-based agenda for future research and advocacy in the area of 2SLGBTQ+ elder abuse; and (4) where evidence and data are lacking, our work will highlight the gaps in order to help shape future data policies and research agendas.

Kathleen Reed

Kathleen Reed

Vancouver Island University

A scoping review of good methodological practices in research involving transgender, non-binary, and two-spirit youth

Transgender, non-binary, two-spirit, and other gender non-conforming (GNC) youth have been the focus of increasing scholarly attention over the past decade. A scoping review method was applied to this growing body of literature to identify good practices and important themes in conducting research with GNC youth. A body of non-clinical, English-language scholarship was identified utilizing keywords relating to GNC youth, methods, and methodologies via searches in 33 databases, 3 specific journals, and other online sources. These works were then analyzed for good practices, with themes emerging related to institutional review boards (IRBs) and assent/consent, advisory boards and community involvement, recruitment, identity descriptions, adultism, youth agency and voice, intersectionality, knowledge mobilization, and researcher reflexivity.

Kathleen Reed

Kathleen Reed

Vancouver Island University

Youth and Public Transit: A Knowledge Synthesis of Recent Publications (SSHRC Forum Presentation)

Historically, youth (13-25) have been one of the most active user groups of public transit in Canada, accounting for one-third of ridership nation-wide, and up to two-thirds in cities such as Moose Jaw, SK and Red Deer, AB (Canadian Urban Transit Association, 2004). Despite their high usage of public transportation, youth as a specific category of riders have received an underwhelming amount of focus by academics and transit authorities. This report synthesizes the last ten years of evidence, policy, and pilot projects related to youth as a public transportation user group in order to provide an up-to-date summary of the state of knowledge in this area. Youth and public transportation research is identified and evaluated, including data sources and gaps. Media coverage of the issue is also considered, as many of the concerns of youth, public debates, and pilot programs related to youth and public transit are only referenced in this format. The final section of this work consists of an evidence-based agenda for future research and policy, with an eye toward enhancing the equity of access to transit systems for youth riders.

2021/12/14

Article Details
Kathleen Reed

Kathleen Reed

Vancouver Island University

Transportation Planning, Policy, and Electric Micro-Mobilities: A Knowledge Synthesis of Recent Publications

This SSHRC-funded (Grant #972-2020-1009) scoping review synthesizes existing research (2010-2021) related to both private and shared electric micro-mobilities (i.e. e-bikes, e-scooters, e-unicycles, e-skateboards). It considers themes such as: rider demographics, usage, and motivations; mobility justice; benefits of and barriers to EMM use; safety and injuries; modal shift among forms of transportation; rider satisfaction with mode choice; environmental impact; conflict and controversy; EMM pilot programs; and EMM integration, legislation, and policy recommendations. Aside from scholarship, media reports are also included, in order to speak to the environment in which the research takes place.

Kathleen Reed

Kathleen Reed

Vancouver Island University

Journal of LGBT Youth

Talking back: Trans youth and resilience in action

In 2015 the Gender Vectors research team received a major research grant to conduct research with and about transgender youth in the Greater Vancouver Area. A unique aspect of this research project involved combining social action research with the development of a prototype of a video game as a knowledge translation tool to depict the life experiences of trans youth. We draw on transformative gender justice theory to document and address the diminished life chances of and the need to promote resilience among trans youth in the region and more broadly, across Canada and the United States. This article provides an overview of the research project and concludes by identifying key insights relating to resiliency that resulted from 15 narrative interviews with transgender youth, focus group meetings with the Project’s Youth Advisory Council, and dialog from an intergenerational workshop for transgender youth …

Kathleen Reed

Kathleen Reed

Vancouver Island University

Free and Reduced-fare Public Transit for Youth (Evidence Brief)

This two page evidence brief summarizes the academic literature and media reports of free and fare-reduced public transit for youth. Motivations, Canadian initiatives, and assessment of programs are considered.

2021/12/15

Article Details
Kathleen Reed

Kathleen Reed

Vancouver Island University

Youth and Public Transit (Evidence Brief)

This two page evidence brief summarizes recent (2010-2021) literature related to youth and public transit. Major themes include demand, barriers, youth advocacy, various types of passes (ie, U-PASS, free or reduced-fares), and active transportation. A list of recommendations for transit planners and policy-makers is included.

2021/12/15

Article Details
Kathleen Reed

Kathleen Reed

Vancouver Island University

Evidence Brief: Youth and Public Transit

This short report summarizes the literature related to youth and transit, with a focus on demand, barriers, youth advocacy, various types of passes (i.e., U-PASS, free or reduced-fares), and active transportation.

2021/12/14

Article Details
Kathleen Reed

Kathleen Reed

Vancouver Island University

Electric Micro-Mobilities Scoping Review [Data Set]

In 2020, the authors received funding from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Knowledge Synthesis Grants: Mobility and Public Transit competition. The primary output made possible by this funding is a scoping review of literature on the subject of electric micro-mobilities (EMMs) published between 2010-2021. This Excel document logs all literature found in library databases, Google Scholar, and general Google searches. Each entry contains author(s), year, title, database/location, source type, country/region, city/province/state, and type(s) of EMM.