Acknowledgment to the Reviewers of Quaternary in 2022

Published On 2023

High-quality academic publishing is built on rigorous peer review. Quaternary was able to uphold its high standards for published papers due to the outstanding efforts of our reviewers. Thanks to the efforts of our reviewers in 2022, the median time to first decision was 28.5 days and the median time to publication was 94 days. Regardless of whether the articles they examined were ultimately published, the editors would like to express their appreciation and thank the following reviewers for the time and dedication that they have shown Quaternary:

Published On

2023

Authors

John Lowe

John Lowe

Royal Holloway, University of London

Position

H-Index(all)

62

H-Index(since 2020)

26

I-10 Index(all)

0

I-10 Index(since 2020)

0

Citation(all)

0

Citation(since 2020)

0

Cited By

0

Research Interests

Quaternary science

Palaeoclimates

Tephrochronology

Dating methods

Joseph A Mason

Joseph A Mason

University of Wisconsin-Madison

Position

Professor of Geography

H-Index(all)

45

H-Index(since 2020)

25

I-10 Index(all)

0

I-10 Index(since 2020)

0

Citation(all)

0

Citation(since 2020)

0

Cited By

0

Research Interests

geomorphology

soil

loess

aeolian processes

dunes

University Profile Page

elda russo ermolli

elda russo ermolli

Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II

Position

H-Index(all)

32

H-Index(since 2020)

16

I-10 Index(all)

0

I-10 Index(since 2020)

0

Citation(all)

0

Citation(since 2020)

0

Cited By

0

Research Interests

Geologia del Quaternario

Palinologia

Geoarcheologia

Aviad Agam

Aviad Agam

Tel Aviv University

Position

H-Index(all)

14

H-Index(since 2020)

12

I-10 Index(all)

0

I-10 Index(since 2020)

0

Citation(all)

0

Citation(since 2020)

0

Cited By

0

Research Interests

Lower Paleolithic Prehistory

Early fire

Child safety

child injury prevention

University Profile Page

Other Articles from authors

elda russo ermolli

elda russo ermolli

Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II

Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology

Morphometry of Lamiaceae pollen grains from the archaeological site of Kastrì (Epirus-Greece; 15th–16th cent. AD)

Pollen analysis of a late medieval layer (15th–16th century AD) recovered in the archaeological site of Kastrì (Epirus, Greece) highlighted the occurrence of large amounts of stephanocolpate Lamiaceae pollen grains. Morphometric analysis, by means of Light and Scanning Electron Microscopy, allowed three different pollen types to be identified within the family. In particular, the structure of the bireticulate exine, which is only visible under SEM observation, revealed to be a diagnostic feature for genus and even species identification. This was possible thanks to comparison with modern Lamiaceae species that were selected on the basis of pollen morphological similarity and geographical distribution. The results of comparison, achieved through K-nearest neighbour classification, led to ascribe the subfossil pollen types to the genera Salvia, Mentha and Thymus and to propose S. nemorosa/glutinosa/pratensis, M …

Joseph A Mason

Joseph A Mason

University of Wisconsin-Madison

Earth Surface Processes and Landforms

Biogeomorphological niche of a landform: Machine learning approaches reveal controls on the geographical distribution of Nitraria tangutorum nebkhas

Nebkhas are distinctive biogeomorphological landforms prevalent in global drylands and coastal environments. They play a crucial role in supporting local biodiversity and preventing land desertification and often serve as an indicator of local environmental change. Despite their significance, the environmental factors that affect their geographical distribution and how they respond to climate change have not been fully explored. This study represents a novel application of machine learning models to quantifying the biogeomorphological niche of Nitraria nebkhas in northern China and simulating their geographical distribution under future climate change conditions. Findings underscore that climatic variables influence the growth of formative shrub species on nebkhas, whereas climate, soil and geomorphological conditions, along with their spatial configuration, determine the probability of nebkha occurrence …

Aviad Agam

Aviad Agam

Tel Aviv University

Journal of safety research

Child drowning mortality in Israel: trends and measures for prevention

Introduction: In this study, we use the media-based database of Beterem-Safe Kids Israel, to provide a 15-year review of unintentional fatal childhood drowning in Israel, between 2008 and 2022. Method: It total, we identified 257 cases of child mortality due to drowning during this period. Results: Our results demonstrate a gradual rise in childhood mortality due to drowning, from 72 cases in 2008–2012, to 85 cases in 2013–2017, and to 100 cases in 2018–2022. Especially worth noting is the increase in childhood drowning in domestic swimming pools. We point to a link between low socioeconomic status and cases of drowning, showing that the risk of drowning extends beyond a mere matter of caregiver inattention. We recommend a series of regulatory and legislative steps to reduce fatal childhood drowning, including fencing built around domestic swimming pools, extending lifeguard activity hours, adding …

elda russo ermolli

elda russo ermolli

Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II

Quaternary Science Advances

Explosive volcanic activity in central-Southern Italy during Middle Pleistocene: A tale from tephra layers of the Acerno basin

The cored succession of the Acerno basin, a tectonic palaeolake located in the southern Apennines (Italy), represents a key point of the Italian tephrostratigraphic network for the Quaternary. Trace element and isotope (87Sr/86Sr and 143Nd/144Nd) data have been acquired on bulk rock, glassy groundmass and separated minerals (feldspar and pyroxene phenocrysts) from twenty-one tephra layers, dated between ∼570 and 470 ka, embedded in the lacustrine sediments of the basin. The already available major element compositions have been here combined with the newly acquired data. The whole dataset provides a full geochemical characterization of the tephra that strengthens and improves previous attempts to identify their volcanic sources and potential correlatives. In this context, several previously proposed correlations among distal archives have been here confuted. The geochemical fingerprints …

Aviad Agam

Aviad Agam

Tel Aviv University

Quaternary

Heat Treatment of Flint at the Late Neanderthal Site Sesselfelsgrotte (Germany)

We examined lithic artifacts from the late Neanderthal site Sesselfelsgrotte (Bavaria, Germany) in order to evaluate the possibility of fire use and intentional flint heat treatment performed by late Neanderthals. We analyzed 1113 flint pieces from the G-layer complex (~60 to 45 kya; Micoquian) and 946 from the lower-layer complex (~115 to 70 kya; Mousterian). Based on macroscopic traits associated with the exposure of flint to heat and fire, we assigned artifacts to one of three groups: burnt, unburnt, and possibly intentionally heated. Our results show that while both complexes demonstrate the clear presence of fire, fire is more common in the younger G-layer complex. Moreover, possibly intentionally heated pieces are significantly more frequent in the G-layer complex, especially among the tools and specifically among side scrapers, suggesting a link between heat treatment and the production of these tools, most probably due to their functional and cultural significance. We therefore suggest that the flint in the G-layer complex of Sesselfelsgrotte underwent intentional heat treatment. The proportions of burnt flint artifacts in both complexes suggest an intensification in fire use at the site over time, while the appearance of possibly intentionally heated artifacts in the G-layer complex suggests the development of this advanced pyrotechnology by Neanderthals sometime between these two timeframes. Our results are supported by sedimentological and faunal data. We view these results as further indication of the advanced cognitive and technological capabilities of Neanderthals, which did not fall short of those of early modern humans.

elda russo ermolli

elda russo ermolli

Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II

The Holocene

A high-resolution record of landscape changes and land use over the last 5000 years in western Calabria (S. Eufemia Gulf, southern Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy)

Pollen analysis of a marine core collected in the Gulf of S. Eufemia (Tyrrhenian Calabria, Italy) allowed reconstructing the regional changes in vegetation and land use over the last 5000 years. Pollen diagram zonation through Constrained Cluster Analysis highlighted three compositional zones whose boundaries mark the major changes that affected the vegetation structure. A dense forest cover with a few signs of human activities characterized the wide pollen source area from 5055 to 2700 BP (Zone 1). In this period, the Pre-Protohistoric communities were mainly concentrated on the Tropea Promontory where they had a significant local impact. Minor forest rarefactions at 5000–4800 BP, ca. 4400–4000 BP, ca. 3450–3150 BP were correlated to phases of climatic shifts toward aridity. From 2700 to 2000 BP (Zone 2a), a longer and more incisive period of forest decline was connected to a time of aridity that favored …

Joseph A Mason

Joseph A Mason

University of Wisconsin-Madison

Middle Pleistocene glaciations in North America

Middle Pleistocene time is assigned to Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 19–6 and falls entirely within the Brunhes Normal Chron. Oxygen isotope excursions in marine sediment are interpreted as representing glacial/interglacial cycles because light isotopes are preferentially evaporated from the oceans and during glaciations, may be stored long-term in ice sheets. The magnitude of the marine isotope excursion is therefore interpreted as an indirect record of the volume of terrestrial ice sheets. Nevertheless, the presence, location, extent and character of Middle Pleistocene ice sheets require independent documentation and verification.In the mid-continent and the northwestern parts of North America, the sediment record of glaciation spans the Pleistocene and extends to the Pliocene in places, based on strata dated by a number of methods. Glacial deposits are being increasingly assigned to Middle Pleistocene time …

Aviad Agam

Aviad Agam

Tel Aviv University

Flint Heat Treatment at Late Neanderthal Site Sesselfelsgrotte (Germany)

We examine lithic artifacts from Late Neanderthal site Sesselfelsgrotte (Bavaria, Germany) to evaluate the possibility of fire-use and the intentional flint heat treatment performed by Late Neanderthals. We analyzed 1,113 flint pieces from the G-Layers-Complex (~ 60 to 45 kya; Micoquian), and 946 from the Lower-Layers-Complex (~ 115 to 70 kya; Mousterian), based on macroscopic traits associated with the exposure of flint to fire, assigning artifacts to one of three groups: burnt, unburnt, and possibly intentionally heated. Our results show that while both complexes demonstrate clear presence of fire, fire is more common in the younger G-Layers-Complex. Moreover, possibly intentionally heated pieces are significantly more frequent in the G-Layers-Complex, especially among the tools, and specifically among side scrapers, proposing a link between heat treatment and the production of these tools, most probably due to their functional and cultural significance. We therefore suggest the intentional heat treatment of flint in the G-Layers-Complex of Sesselfelsgrotte. The proportions of burnt flint artifacts in both sequences suggest an intensification in fire-use at the site over time, while the appearance of possibly intentionally heated artifacts in the G-Layers-Complex suggests the development of this advanced pyro-technology by Neanderthals, sometime between these two timeframes. Our results are supported by sedimentological and faunal data. We view these results as further indication for the advanced cognitive and technological capabilities of Neanderthals, such that did not fall from these of Early Modern Humans.

Joseph A Mason

Joseph A Mason

University of Wisconsin-Madison

Chronology and Paleoenvironmental Significance of Eolian Sand Activity South of the Laurentide Ice Sheet During the Last Glacial Period, Upper Mississippi River Basin, USA

Optical dating and mapping of eolian sand in the Upper Mississippi River basin provide important constraints on the timing and extent of major paleoenvironmental shifts south of the Laurentide Ice Sheet during the last deglaciation. Twenty nine optical ages from 10 sites document a major period of eolian sand activity ca. 18–14 ka on the Iowan Erosion Surface in eastern Iowa and the northern Driftless Area in west-central Wisconsin. This age range coincides with the end of accelerated mass wasting within and adjacent to the Driftless Area, sand wedge formation in the northern part of the Driftless Area, a major transition in speleothem growth in a cave in the southern part of the Driftless Area, major retreat of the Des Moines and Lake Michigan lobes, and the youngest ages of tundra-like floral remains in the study area. A regional increase in sediment availability due to a change in surface and subsurface hydrology …

John Lowe

John Lowe

Royal Holloway, University of London

BMC medical research methodology

The development and acceptability of an educational and training intervention for recruiters to neonatal trials: the TRAIN project

BackgroundSuboptimal or slow recruitment affects 30–50% of trials. Education and training of trial recruiters has been identified as one strategy for potentially boosting recruitment to randomised controlled trials (hereafter referred to as trials). The Training tRial recruiters, An educational INtervention (TRAIN) project was established to develop and assess the acceptability of an education and training intervention for recruiters to neonatal trials. In this paper, we report the development and acceptability of TRAIN.MethodsTRAIN involved three sequential phases, with each phase contributing information to the subsequent phase(s). These phases were 1) evidence synthesis (systematic review of the effectiveness of training interventions and a content analysis of the format, content, and delivery of identified interventions), 2) intervention development using a Partnership (co-design/co-creation) approach, and 3 …

2023/11/11

Article Details
John Lowe

John Lowe

Royal Holloway, University of London

Land

Testing the effect of relative pollen productivity on the REVEALS model: A validated reconstruction of Europe-Wide Holocene vegetation

Reliable quantitative vegetation reconstructions for Europe during the Holocene are crucial to improving our understanding of landscape dynamics, making it possible to assess the past effects of environmental variables and land-use change on ecosystems and biodiversity, and mitigating their effects in the future. We present here the most spatially extensive and temporally continuous pollen-based reconstructions of plant cover in Europe (at a spatial resolution of 1° × 1°) over the Holocene (last 11.7 ka BP) using the ‘Regional Estimates of VEgetation Abundance from Large Sites’ (REVEALS) model. This study has three main aims. First, to present the most accurate and reliable generation of REVEALS reconstructions across Europe so far. This has been achieved by including a larger number of pollen records compared to former analyses, in particular from the Mediterranean area. Second, to discuss methodological issues in the quantification of past land cover by using alternative datasets of relative pollen productivities (RPPs), one of the key input parameters of REVEALS, to test model sensitivity. Finally, to validate our reconstructions with the global forest change dataset. The results suggest that the RPPs.st1 (31 taxa) dataset is best suited to producing regional vegetation cover estimates for Europe. These reconstructions offer a long-term perspective providing unique possibilities to explore spatial-temporal changes in past land cover and biodiversity.

Joseph A Mason

Joseph A Mason

University of Wisconsin-Madison

Comprehensive magnetic analysis of the tephras in Middle-Late Pleistocene loess records of Serbia, and implications for tephra identification, correlation and loess chronology

Tephras are highly valuable for achieving precise chronologies and secure correlations for sedimentary sequences. Rock magnetic investigations provide a simple, rapid tool for tephra identification especially for weathered tephra, cryptotephra (hidden tephra), thin and dispersed distal tephra. But so far, the most diagnostic magnetic properties for tephra identification and for differentiation of specific tephras are still uncertain. Three laterally continuous and representative tephras/cryptotephras embedded in Serbian loess deposits provide a rare opportunity to explore application of magnetic approaches in tephrostratigraphy. Systematic rock magnetic and petrographic comparison of tephra and its host loess reveal that the characteristic magnetic mineral of the studied tephras is moderate-Ti titanomagnetite of magmatic origin, with a dominant magnetic grain size of non-interacting single domain (SD) and pseudo …

Aviad Agam

Aviad Agam

Tel Aviv University

Plos one

Kaizer Hill (Modi ‘in), a pre-pottery neolithic a quarry site–the terraced slopes

The research of the Kaizer Hill site (the Hilltop and its Terraces), recognized as a Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) quarry site, involved studies of the rock damage associated with the quarrying activities as well as of the recovered material remains, mostly chipped stone artifacts. We present here the results of our on-site explorations (excavations, surveys and surface-collections), focusing on the findings deriving from the Terraces. Diverse rock damage patterns were identified and described, portraying systematic rock mass-exploitation through quarrying fronts, natural rock joints and fissures enlargement, drilling and chiseling. There are multiple indications that the local bedrock (Bi’na Formation, Turonian) comprising flint and limestone was quarried under a systematic quality evaluation, leaving residual flint unsuitable for exploitation. Of interest to note that nearly all of the flint artifacts excavated and collected on the Terraces were made on raw material transported from the Hilltop (Mishash Formation, Campanian), knapped in-situ, on the quarried rock surfaces of the slopes. The flint tools bear witness to intensive use involving mainly boring and drilling. The dominant tool type is the flint axe for which a variety of waste products related to its production were found in-situ, enabling the reconstruction of axe reduction sequence. Similar axes and waste products were found in many PPN sites indicating that there was a common, widely-used scheme of making flint axes during the PPN. Interestingly, besides the flint waste, there were also limestone waste products typical of the last shaping and thinning stages of axe production, indicating that limestone …

Joseph A Mason

Joseph A Mason

University of Wisconsin-Madison

AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts

Importance of soil hydrology in understanding location and persistence of soil carbon in semiarid loess-paleosol sequence

Our aim is to determine how soil hydrology influences root-zone and deep soil carbon in a loess-paleosol sequence in semiarid southwest Nebraska, USA. Our study site is characterized by large flat to gently sloping plateaus or tables with gullies incising at the table margins. Tables are underlain by thick loess, which contains buried soils characterized by substantial organic carbon (OC) and inorganic carbon (IC). Past climate changes are responsible for the formation and initial preservation of the buried soils (Marin-Spiotta et al., 2014), which formed during wetter climates and then were buried after climatic changes towards drier conditions produced more dust. We investigated the role of soil hydrology in persistence of buried soil OC and accumulation of pedogenic carbonates. We measured the soil water retention curves (SWRCs), for a 4.5 m loess-paleosol sequence, which were used to parameterize a …

Joseph A Mason

Joseph A Mason

University of Wisconsin-Madison

Frontiers in Hydrology 2022

Impact of thick aeolian sediments on deep critical zone flow and recharge of the northern High Plains Aquifer

The deep critical zone is often associated with fractured bedrock, but thick aeolian sediments or glacial till also form deep critical zones over large areas. The northern High Plains Aquifer (HPA) is overlain with thick aeolian sediments, which are likely to strongly influence deep critical zone flow. It is important to gain better understanding of this deep critical zone because the HPA is an important source for irrigation and HPA discharge is a key source of base flow in streams of the region. Dune fields are known recharge areas for the northern HPA, whereas regions of very thick loess deposits nearby contribute little recharge. The narrow pore size distribution of sand generally results in low plant available water (PAW) and quick gravitational drainage. There is little cropland in the dune fields; however, irrigated fields are found on low-relief sand sheets where a buried soil is present in the root zone. Pedogenic …

Joseph A Mason

Joseph A Mason

University of Wisconsin-Madison

EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts

Loess tableland evolution in the Central Great Plains, USA, and implications for preservation potential of the loess record, stored sediment, and buried soil carbon

Thick loess of the central Great Plains, USA, preserves a detailed record of Holocene climate change, extremely thick loess accumulated during and just after the last glacial maximum, and a sequence of older loess units and paleosols. This loess sequence is only well-preserved beneath the summits of tablelands, plateau-like landforms with flat to undulating summits and steep gully-dissected marginal slopes. These loess tablelands are also a key setting for preservation of organic carbon in buried soils and for long-term storage of sediment in the form of loess. Even under tableland summits, however, at some sites interbedded or surficial sand aeolian sand interrupts the loess sequence and/or parts of the loess sequence are missing. These are interpreted as the result of downwind/upwind shifts in the boundary between thick loess and the dune fields or bedrock surfaces of sand transport that occur upwind of the …